When submitting an article to the editorial office, authors must strictly observe the following rules:
1. The article should have an official letter of referral from the institution, in which the work has been done, as well as a visa of the head of the institution on the title page, which is certified by a round stamp. It should also have copies of a certificate of authorship, an innovation proposal certificate, or permission for publication, if these documents are mentioned in the text of an article.
1.1. An article must be typed, 1.5-spaced, using Times New Roman 14 font, with 60–62 characters per line, 30 lines per page. Pages must be numbered. Articles should be e-mailed to the editorial office. Supporting documents can be also sent in scanned form and/or by regular mail.
1.2. The title page of a manuscript should give the initials and surnames of an author (authors), title of an article, full name of institution (institutions), in which the work has been done, city or town. If the work has been done at several institutions, the latter are numbered consecutively and a respective footnote is placed after the authors’ surnames.
2. Each article must have an abstract that briefly describes article sections (aim (objective); materials (subjects) and methods; results; conclusion) with 4–6 key words. It should be italicized, not indented, with each heading beginning a new line; the names of the headings are shown in bold type. The abstract should not exceed 1200 characters (two thirds of the page).
3. Original articles, reviews of literature, the article sections «Guidelines for the Practitioner» and «Exchange of Experience» should not exceed 13 pages, «Clinical Notes» and «Book Reviews» should be not more than 5 pages. The article should contain no more than 3 figures and no more than 3 tables. These may be exceeded only by prior arrangement with the Editorial Board.
3.1. The structure of original articles should be compliant with the IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion) format. The structure of an original article is the following: introduction that reflects the state-of-the art at the time of this writing; the goals and objectives of the present study; materials and methods; results; discussion; conclusions by points or conclusion; information on financial support of the work, grants, gratitude; a statement on conflicts of interest; a list of references. Results and discussion cannot be presented in one section. Information must not be duplicated: quantitative data should not be simultaneously given in the text and figures and/or tables.
3.2. Authors should use the scientific terminology of modern Russian and should not apply the loan translations of the terms transcribed from foreign words. Abbreviations and acronyms, other than conventional abbreviations for measures, physical and mathematical variables and terms, as well as use of abbreviations are allowed if they are used more than 5 times in the article. All abbreviations should be expanded at the first mention in the text. Specialized terms should be interpreted.
3.3. The article should be carefully checked by the author. Mathematical formulas must contain all clearly marked elements: Latin and Greek letters, superscripts and subscripts, uppercase and lowercase letters, similarly written letters and numerical values.
3.4. Citations given in the article should be carefully checked; footnotes should indicate their source: title, year, volume, issue, pages.
4. Tables should contain generalized and statistically processed data. Each table should have a number and a header. Measurements should be expressed in units, as given in the SI system. All figures in tables should be carefully checked by the author; quantitative data should not be simultaneously given in the text and figures and/or tables. Units of measurement for all indicators should be given in Russian. Tables should be placed after a paragraph having a reference to them.
5. Illustrative matter is placed through the text and also attached as a separate file (files).
5.1. Graphic matter (schemes, diagrams, graphs) should be given in PowerPoint or Excel.
5.2. Raster images (photographs, slides) need to be TIFF and JPC formats of the highest quality. The size of an image must be at least 1500 х 1500 pixels. Photomicrographs should be provided by a ruler or a scale bar. Word photos are not acceptable!
5.3. A figure should have a general name and then explain all alphanumeric characters. Legends for photomicrographs should indicate a staining method and magnification.
6. A list of references attached to the article must include the works by Russian and foreign authors, published preferably in the past 5–7 years. The list may include earlier publications containing unique information or confirming the priority of their authors. It is desirable to cite no more than 25 sources in original papers and no more than 50 in reviews.
6.1. A list should be compiled according to the order of citation in the text in compliance with the reference formatting rules in terms of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (see the annex).
6.2. Bibliographic references should be numbered and given in square brackets in the text in accordance with the list of references.
6.3. References to works unavailable in the reference list are not allowed, and conversely, every work cited in the text must be included in the list.
6.4. Authors are solely responsible for the accuracy of the given references and the compliance with the required standards.
6.5. Incompliance with the above requirements may be a ground for rejecting the article.
7. There should be information on each author in Russian and English: surname, name, and patronymic; academic degree and title; position and place of employment; e-mail. Information on the author who is responsible for editorial contacts should additionally contain his (her) office address with postal code and telephone number. When translating, it is important to use the initially selected English spelling of the names of the authors in all articles. The officially adopted English version of the name of the institution(s) should be given.
8. An author must sign his/her article. A joint article must be signed by all authors. By signing the article, the author thereby assigns the editorial staff the right to publish the paper, guarantees its originality, and certifies that neither this article nor its figures have been previously published or sent to other publishers.
9. Authors must necessarily declare the absence or presence of potential conflicts of interest (e.g. competing interests that may have a direct or indirect impact on the preparation or publication of the article, such as receiving a cash or another award from drug and medical products manufacturers mentioned in the article (see the ICMJE recommendations).
10. Authors should provide a reference to their digital ORCID profile.
11. The editors shall reserve the right to shorten and edit articles to conform to the journal’s standard.
12. Articles submitted in violations of the above rules are not considered.
13. Articles are published free of charge.
Articles should be sent to:
Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases. Current Items
(Èpidemiologiyȃ i infektionnye bolezni. Аktual'nye voprosy)
Journal Editorial Office Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Russian Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare
3a, Novogireevskaya St., Moscow 111123
THE RULES FOR FORMATTING LISTS OF REFERENCES
The correct description of sources used in the lists of references is a guarantee that the cited publication will be taken into account when evaluating the scientific activities of its authors and the organizations where they work.
1. In doing so:
– it is undesirable that the lists of references include anonymous sources and normative documents (regulations, laws, instructions, etc.) that will never be indexed in the citation databases; they should be preferably cited directly in the text or in-text footnotes;
– it is undesirable that the lists of references should have include small-circulation, and local, popular, and educational sources: abstracts of theses and dissertations, unpublished reports, manuals and textbooks;
– journal titles cannot be arbitrarily abbreviated. Whether there are abbreviations in the List of Title World Abbreviations (LTWA) made by the ISSN center: should be checked; if there are no recommendations how to abbreviate words, the latter should be written in full.
2. If the cited article has a DOI (Digital Object Identifier), the latter should be given at the end of a reference. Publications are sought using a DOI name at the websites of the International DOI Foundation (IDF) and CrossRef. The DOI for a cited article is available there.
3. The list of references should follow the format recommended by the American National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and adopted by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) for Library’s MEDLINE/PubMed databases: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine.
4. How to describe a source:
1) author(s) of an article or book; if the authors of books are editors, their names should be followed by «ред.» in Russian sources and «ed.» or «eds.» in foreign ones;
2) the title of a book or article;
3) output data [journal title, year, volume, number in parentheses (if any), page numbers (from … to …) for journal articles; city, publisher, year, page numbers for books].
5. To improve the citation of authors and to fulfil the requirements of the Russian Science Citation Index and foreign bibliographic databases, Russian-language sources should be transliterated. The surnames and initials of authors should be also transliterated using the generally accepted codes. Full journal titles are also transliterated if they are not indexed in the PubMed database. If the journal is indexed, its abbreviated name, translation of the article title and transliteration of the surname, name, and patronymic of authors used by PubMed are given. The online service http://www.translit.ru should be used. The names of foreign authors are given in their original spelling. The titles of articles, monographs, books, collected articles translated in Russian are given in square brackets. The note (In Russ.) is added at the end of the description.
Reference formatting examples
Keener A.B. Drugs that made headlines in 2016. Nat. Med. 2016; 22(12): 1377–79. DOI: 10.1038/nm1216-1377.
Pimenov N.N., Vdovin A.V., Komarova S.V., Mamonova N.A., Chulanov V.P., Pokrovsky V.I. [The relevance and prospects of introducing a uniform federal register of patients with viral hepatitis B and C in Russia]. Ter. Arkh. 2013; 85(11): 4–9. (In Russ.).
Cassidy J.T., Petty R.E., Laxer R.M., Lindsley C.B. Textbook of pediatric rheumatology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. 794 р.
Sergienko V.I., Bondareva I.B. [Mathematical statistics in clinical research]. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media; 2001. 256 p. (In Russ.).
Altchek A., Deligdisch L., eds. Pediatric, adolescent and young adult gynecology. New York: Wiley–Blackwell; 2009. 520 p.
Pokrovsky V.V., ed. [HIV infection and AIDS. National Guidelines]. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media, 2013; 160–8. (In Russ.)
Abuhamad A.Z. Obstetric ultrasound. In: Evans A.T., ed. Manual of obstetrics. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2007: 562–76.
[Diagnostics and treatment of chronic heart failure. In: National clinical guidelines]. 4th ed. Moscow: Silicea-Polygraf, 2011; 203–93. (In Russ.)
Proceedings of Scientific Conferences
Karan L.S., Platonov A.E., Sannikova I.V. Eremenko E.I., Vasilenko N.F., Solodovnikov B.V. Viral load in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and its clinical significance. Abstracts Book of International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases. Atlanta, 2004; 125.
Nikolaev M.K., Platonov A.E., Koroleva I.S., Iakovenko M.L. [Epidemiological monitoring of Hib meningitis in four cities in Siberia and Russian Far East. Abstracts of II Russian Conference «Actual problems of meningococcal infection and purulent bacterial meningitis»]. Moscow: 2008; 38. (In Russ.)
World Health Organization. Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013–2020. http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd-action-plan/en/
Guidelines for the Clinical Management and Treatment of HIV-infected Adults in Europe (Version 8.0; October, 2015). European AIDS Clinical Society. http://www.europeanaidsclinicalsociety.org.
The correctness and relevance of a reference to electronic resources, accompanied by the words «Viewed on 20 February 2016» or «Accessed March 4, 2017», should be checked.